|Scott Seville, PhD307-268-2543||Dagmroara Motriuk-Smith, PhD307-268-2542||Dino Madsen, MS307-268-2522|
|John Chase, PhD307-268-2898|
|Jenn Forrester, PhD307-268-2274|
|Kelsey Deus, BS307-268-2873|
Steve McAllister, MS307-855-2183
|Ami Wangeline, PhD 307-778-1139||Zac Roehrs, PhD 307-778-1387||Allan Childs, PhD 307-754-6231|
|Meredith Roehrs, MS 307-778-1342||Elise Kimball, PhD|
|Clint Reading, MAE 307-778-4304|
|PI: ||Faculty Collaborator:|| PI: ||Faculty Collaborators:|
|Rob Milne, PhD 307-674-3106||Dan Bergey,PhD 307-674-3513|| Bud Chew, PhD 307-382-1855 ||Rocky Barney, PhD 307-382-1752|
| Will Clark, PhD
University of Wyoming/Casper College Center (UW/CC) and Casper College
Casper College and the University of Wyoming/Casper College Center (UW/CC) work together to award associates degrees in a variety of life science related disciplines and baccalaureate degrees in Biology, Secondary Science Education in Biology, and Natural Science and Mathematics. Selected Casper College and University of Wyoming students have worked on numerous projects incorporating techniques and concepts commonly used in biomedical investigations including microbial identification, DNA fingerprinting, DNA sequencing, PCR, electrophoresis, protein expression, microscopy, diagnostic parasitology, taxonomy, molecular systematics, ecotoxicology, and disease ecology/epidemiology. Current research foci include: taxonomy, systematics, and phylogenetics of the parasitic protozoan Phylum Apicomplexa with emphases on the genus Eimeria; dragline silk proteins from orb-weaving spider, Araneus gemmoides, where partial sequences of MaSp1 and MaSp2 genes are being used to identify conserved carboxy terminus and determine variation of repetitive amino acid motifs; and the affects of naturally occurring selenium rich environments on plant, fungi, insect, and small mammal community structure and trophic movement of selenium in Wyoming. Since the start of the INBRE program INBRE supported research at Casper College and UW/CC has resulted in 8 publications in peer-reviewed journals, 60+ presentations at INBRE, regional, national, and international scientific meetings, and multiple presentations at Wyoming Undergraduate Research Day.
Central Wyoming Community College
Researchers at Central Wyoming Community College are pursuing two main lines of inquiry. The first area of research is an investigation into the geochemistry and microbiota of a 50°C hot springs in Thermopolis, Wyoming. This study involves the use of several basic chemical and molecular biology techniques that students can apply to other areas of biomedical research. The second area of study seeks to understand the epidemiology of West Nile virus (WNV) in the local community. Toward that end, researchers are conducting serosurveys of the local population to determine its degree of exposure to WNV. They are also studying the rate of infection of the virus in its primary vector in Wyoming, the Culex tarsalis mosquito. Equipment purchased with INBRE funds has allowed faculty to introduce molecular biology techniques, including ELISA, PCR, and PAGE, into biology and microbiology teaching labs and to establish a Biosafety Level 2 research laboratory at the college. Undergraduate researchers at CWC have made multiple presentations at local, regional and national scientific meetings and at the University of Wyoming's annual Undergraduate Research Day, as well.
Eastern Wyoming College
The Eastern Wyoming College INBRE Network proposal is based on a research project that will focus on extracting DNA from several sagebrush species that grow in eastern Wyoming. To date DNA has been extracted from Artemisia tridentata which is also known as Wyoming big sage. This is one of many species that are found over 50% of Wyoming's landmass. The sagebrush ecosystems are quite significant as they provide habitat for numerous species of mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians. In addition, many stands of sagebrush in Wyoming are monotypic and estimated to be at least 50 years old. Little is currently known about the genome of the various Artemisia spp. in these stands. Our research will provide quality DNA samples in which specific genes can be sequenced to learn more about the Artemisia genome. Currently research is being conducted to refine the process to extract DNA from these plants. Artemisia is known to contain a number of volatile organic compounds or terpenoids that may be useful for insect fumigation or other medicinal purposes. However, it is these volatile organic compounds that have made it quite difficult to extract nucleic acids from the plants. Three different methodologies will be used to extract DNA and compare purity of samples. Once quality samples are obtained, the gene for glyceraldehyde phosphate dehyrogenase, GAPDH, will be sequenced and compared. The gene for GAPDH is a common housekeeping gene which should have a highly conserved nucleotide sequence. This gene may also be quite important because the GAPDH enzyme may play a role in drought tolerance in Artemisia. Undergraduate students participating in the research receive credit in a course titled Introduction to Scientific Research. These students have the opportunity to present their research and travel to a scientific conference.
Laramie County Community College
Research at Laramie County Community College is centered on many aspects utilizing our core study organisms, seleniferous filamentous fungi (molds that love selenium). The first branch of the program focuses on fungal metabolism and physiology, including assessment of how selenium is processed, tolerated and detoxified in these fungi despite the fact that selenium is typically anti-fungal. This involves students using microplate spectroscopy analysis as well as collaborating with area research universities for both equipment and expertise. Some of the projects from this side are examining fungal ultrastructure and crystal formation (SEM-EDS), fungal Se accumulation (ICP-AES) and fungal metabolites as antagonists to cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. The second branch of our program is exploring selenium movement in a community, or even an ecosystem including fungal isolation and identification, experiments on fungal and Se hyperaccumulator or non-accumulator plant interactions, and Se cycling through trophic levels in a naturally rich seleniferous habitat. We anticipate this branch expanding to include examination of other metalliferous fungi as contributors to phytoremediation of contaminated areas. Students from our group have traveled to and presented at several national and regional conferences and anticipate publication of their work in the future.
Northwest Community College
At Northwest College INBRE supports student biomedical research in microbiology and molecular biology. The original project was to search for bacterial species with antibacterial activity in tundra soil. Current work still includes soil searches but has broadened to include searching for bacterial species with antibacterial activity in rotting wood. Bacteria that grow aerobically are isolated and tested for ability to inhibit growth ofEscherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and/or Staphylococcus aureus. Chromosomal DNA is extracted from the bacteria and the 16S ribosomal RNA gene amplified by pcr. The pcr product is sequenced commercially and a BLAST search done to provide a tentative identification of the bacterial isolates. It is estimated by others that only 1% of prokaryotes from environmental samples are easily cultured in the lab. To investigate the other 99% a molecular approach may be more productive. To help us in this endeavor we are establishing a collaboration with a member of the molecular biology faculty at the University of Wyoming. Future plans will include metabolic studies of the various bacterial species with antibacterial activity.
Sheridan Community College
At Sheridan Community College INBRE support has allowed increased coverage of biomedical techniques in core courses in biology and chemistry. The biology department has developed a research course in biology and chemistry where students focus on biomedical techniques and are exposed to the research process and selected students pursue independent studies with mentor faculty. Students have reported their findings at the University of Wyoming Undergraduate Research Days on an annual basis. Students have also presented at the Western IDeA States Symposium on Evolutionary Medicine in Albuquerque spring 2007 and at the American Institute of Biological Sciences Annual Meeting in spring 2008. Faculty and institutional interest has stimulated planning for a multidisciplinary Certificate in Biotechnology and a program proposal will be submitted to the Curriculum and Standards Committee fall 2008, with a projected start-up date of fall 2009.
Western Wyoming Community College
Research at Western Wyoming College focuses on cardiovascular and neurological changes that result from iron deficiency. Students and mentor faculty have presented findings at the Experimental Biology conference, have published a paper in cooperation with INBRE PI Ren, and have a manuscript in preparation with Dr. Bruce Culver's lab at the University of Wyoming. A Science Journal Club has been established that is attended by research group members, a few invited students, and other science faculty. Each week, a faculty member chooses a paper, and two students are tasked to present a PowerPoint as a discussion outline. The Journal Club has been highly successful and noticeable improvement has been observed in student's ability to read, understand, and present the key points of scientific papers. The program at Western Wyoming College will continue to build on achievements to date.